After weeks of working with present tense verbs, beginning Latin students are introduced to the other tenses in the present system: imperfect and future. This lesson is the second lesson of my Integrated Unit Plan. It’s focus is the imperfect tense.
I start the students off with a hamster on its wheel in the front of the classroom. If you do not have a hamster, I’d recommend a video as a substitute. The hamster is to pull the students into the lesson. I have always thought of the imperfect as a hamster on a wheel. The imperfect tense is not completed in the past, nor is it completely in the present. It is an ongoing action, like the hamster in the wheel.
From there, I show the students how to form the imperfect tense by following these steps:
- Go to the second principal part/infinitive of a verb
- take off the “re”
- add the letters “b-a”
- then add the personal active endings (m, s, t, mus, tis, nt)
For clarification, I have students do examples on the board. Then to get the students engaged in the information, they are divided in five groups. (You may alter this, just print off more of the trigger pictures.) In the groups students will use a QR reader on their phones to trigger information from five different images. Two are mnemonics to help remember what makes “ba” imperfect tense so special. Another two are practice problems, then the last is a matching game. I would recommend printing out many stations, because the matching game will take the most time.
From the previous class, I introduced a bingo game that I encourage the students to play outside of class as an opportunity assignment.